The National Single Window (NSW) is the policy of Thailand for reducing cost, increasing competitiveness and supporting international trade as integration. Thailand is a member of ASEAN and has made Agreement to Establish and Implement the ASEAN Single Window by the ASEAN Economic Ministers, cosigned the mentioned agreement on 9 December 2005 at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia for the National Trade Facilitation. In order that, six countries member of ASEAN such as Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand established NSW within 2008.
The NSW is an electronic system that enables secured, safe and efficient electronic exchange of trade - related documents through a single point of entry in order to fulfill all import, export and transit-related regulatory requirements and to expedite the smooth flow of information of goods either for import, export or transit. In addition, it is a single submission of data and information, synchronous processing of data and information and decision - making for standardized and integrated environment of Customs release and cargo clearance.
In the importation and exportation process, some, not all, of the goods requiring permit, and the relevant permit issuing agencies, should be contacted prior to the importation. Currently, the traders must require the allowance of importation and exportation under the act over 90 issues from more 30 government agencies. Some government agencies have not had the paperless system, moreover the traders waste time and expenses for making, filling and sending of the import and export documents.
Therefore, the Customs Department has developed the connection of information to the relevant government agencies for audit of the allowance licenses and certificates of import and export by electronic system which has called the e – Customs system or Paperless Customs. It has controlled the importation and exportation by connection with the e – Licensing / e – Certificate system that will continue to develop to National Single Window (NSW). It is service for the trade facilitation, reducing cost, faster trade document processing, efficient management of importers and exporters, including increase international standardize and the traders make to require for applying to the system via the internet.
Recently, the Customs Department has cosigned the MOU of Agreement of Connection for the allowance license and certificate with 16 government agencies; Department of Industrial Works, Department of Foreign Trade, Department of Mineral Fuels, Department of Energy Business, Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand, The Thai Board of Investment (BOI), Department of Land Transport, Department of Fisheries, Department of Livestock Development, Department of Agriculture, The Excise Department, Department of Primary Industries and Mines, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation,
The Office of the Cane and Sugar Board, Food and Drug Administration and National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards.
Furthermore, the Customs Department will finish to cosign the mentioned MOU with another 16 government agencies; Department of Internal Trade, Department of Provincial Administration, Department of Mineral Resources, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, The Fine Arts Department, National Telecommunication Commission of Thailand, Office of Atoms for Peace, Department of Foreign Trade, AOT Airports of Thailand Public Company Limited, Office of National Museums and Electrical and Electronics Institute within 2010.